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Anatoly Karpov. The chess legend.

About Anatoly Karpov

Anatoly Karpov learned the chess game at the age of four from his father, an engineer. At ten he was already champion of Zlatoust, twelve he was first after Moscow invited to attend a course at the Soviet chess school participate. Mikhail Botvinnik was initially unimpressed by the rather cautious game the frail boy, but then changed his mind when he realized how seriously to Karpov devoted to chess. He was first sent abroad already the end of 1966 and won a tournament in Třinec . In 1967 he was in Groningen Junior European Champion, before competitors like Jan Timman and András Adorján . In 1969 he won the World Youth Championship in Stockholm . Shortly before, he had begun with Semyon Furman work which influenced his chess development greatly. In 1970, Karpow became the youngest player at the time. He scored a major success in 1971 with his with Leonid Stein shared 1st place at Alekhine Memorial Tournament in Moscow. His first Chess Olympiad , he played in 1972 in Skopje and products obtained with 13 points from 15 games an excellent result. As a youth world champion he was pre-qualified for the International in Leningrad in 1973, he tied with Viktor Korchnoi won.

Later he qualified in several competitions as a challenger to the world champion Bobby Fischer . After he initially Polugajewski (5.5: 2.5) and then Boris Spassky (7: 4) had turned, he defeated in the final of the candidate contests his compatriot Viktor Korchnoi with 12.5: 11.5. When fishing for title defense in 1975 did not compete, Karpov was declared on April 3, 1975 World Champion. In the following years he played a lot of tournaments to underline his claim as the best chess player in the world. In 1976 he won the first time the USSR championship . His world title he defended twice ( 1978 in Baguio and in 1981 in Merano successfully against Korchnoi). After the second defense Karpov was Lenin Medal awarded. These competitions were held in a very tense atmosphere, because Karpov as line-faithful representative of the Soviet Union was, while Korchnoi as dissident who emigrated to the West.

 

Life

In the World Chess Championship 1985 Karpov lost his title to Garry Kasparov and could neither win him in a rematch in 1986 nor in 1987 or 1990 to recapture. Only when Kasparov the world chess organization FIDE broke and was disqualified as an official world champion Karpov was in 1993 by a 12.5: 8.5 win against Jan Timman the now divided world championship again and also keep to 1999th  During this period, he scored some major successes, including a convincing win in Linares in 1994. He scored 11 points from 13 games and won with 2.5 points ahead of Kasparov and Shirov – a success that the as a Superior tournament victory in the history of chess. At that time he had his best Elo on of 2780 (July 1994).

From 1975 to 1984 he was the clear number one, from 1985 to mid-1990 the unchallenged number two in chess. He is considered one of the best players of all time. The Chess Oscar as the best player of the year, he won a total of nine times. There are more than 100 tournament victories, which is a world record. 1978 he was for his services Order of the Red Banner of Labor awarded.

Karpov wrote several chess books which have been translated into German, including my best games and Karpov Chess School. An autobiography he published in 1991 in English under the title Karpov on Karpov.

In recent years, Karpov has formed numerous chess schools, both in the successor states of the Soviet Union, as well as in the USA, South America and Europe. In Germany the Karpow-Schachakademie Rhein-Neckar e. V. takes its name. Since 2009, Karpov has been holding the title FIDE Senior Trainer. Since 1994 he is a member of the Chess Association in 1930 Hockenheim . In 2010, he ran for the post of President of FIDE. He was nominated for the German Chess Federation . In the election on 29 September 2010 he defeated the incumbent Kirsan Ilyumzhinov with 55 to 95 votes.

Karpov is a member of the party United Russia and was in the general election in December 2011 as a representative of the Tyumen Oblast in the Russian Duma voted. Karpov is patron of the “International Children’s Home” (Intercom) in Ivanhoe .

In his spare time he works on philately . His valuable collection includes chess motifs and other specialties.

After Karpov also discovered in December 2003 Asteroid (90414) Karpov from the main belt was named. Dmitry Medvedev awarded him with the Presidential Decree N ° 660 22 May 2011 the Order of Friendship .

Karpov is the father of two children and was married twice. From the first marriage with Irina Kuimowa comes a son (* 1979). With his second wife, Natalia Bulanova, he has a joint daughter (* 1999).

Elo Development

This graph shows the Elo developing Karpov:

 

National
Chess Olympiad 1980 in Malta USSR-USA: Anatoly Karpov, Mikhail Tal and Yasser Seirawan

Karpov took the Soviet national team in six Chess Olympiads in part ( in 1972 the first reserve player, in 1974 , 1980 and 1982 respectively on top board, 1986 and 1988 on the second board) and won this all. In 1972, 1974 and 1988, he also won the individual evaluation on his board. He also won the World Team Championships in 1985 and 1989 (each on top board of the Soviet Union)and the European Team Championships 1973 (on the fourth board), 1977, 1980 and 1983 (each on top board), where he in 1973 and 1977 an additional individual Gold medal won.  Karpov in 1984 for the competition USSR vs. the world called to the top board of the Soviet team, reaching against Ulf Andersson one win and three draws.

Teams he fought for

During the existence of the Soviet Union Karpov played for CSKA Moscow , with whom he 1986 European Club Cup won.  On the Russian team championship he took part from 2006 to 2008 with the South Urals Chelyabinsk.  In the German Chess Bundesliga he had in the 1993/94 season four bets for SC Stadthagen, since the 2011/12 season he played in the 1. Bundesliga occasionally for SV 1930 Hockenheim . The Austrian State League A won Karpov in 1993 with the SC Margareten, in which he until 1997/98 was reported, but had no more betting. In the Spanish team championship Karpov played in 1995 and 1996 for CA La Caja de Canarias, 2001 and 2003 for CA Valencia.